Ginseng Plant Profile
Why is growing ginseng illegal?
The root of the ginseng plant has been coveted for thousands of years as a natural curative. Because the slow-growing plant is destroyed to harvest the root, those who illegally harvest ginseng can face stiff fines or imprisonment. via
Where does ginseng grow the most?
Wild American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, is native to the deciduous forest of the United States, from the Midwest to Maine, and further north into Eastern Canada. The most popular habitat where wild ginseng is found is throughout the Appalachian and Ozark region. via
What state has the most ginseng?
Ontario, Canada, is the world's largest producer of North American ginseng. Marathon County, Wisconsin, accounts for about 95% of production in the United States. via
Where can you find ginseng growing naturally?
Well, the hardwood forests of the eastern United States and Canada are ginseng's natural habitat, but it can be cultivated almost anywhere north of central Alabama . . . if the area receives between 20 and 40 inches of rainfall annually. via
How long does ginseng take to grow?
It takes 3 or 4 years for ginseng to reach maturity, after an initial year of preparation so, 4 or 5 crops need to be established before the first crop is harvested. via
Can you grow ginseng in your backyard?
Environment. Ginseng grows best in a warm, moist environment, so if you live in a colder area you're going to have a hard time growing this cash cow of a plant. Thankfully, it's a hearty plant, so if you install a greenhouse on your lawn, or build a growing room in your home you can easily grow ginseng all year round. via
What trees does ginseng grow around?
Remember that the combination of shade and moisture create the best environment for ginseng to grow. Go to forests that have Beech Trees, Maple Trees, Hickory trees, Oak Trees, Basswood Trees, and Tulip Poplar Trees. Ginseng grows well in the shade of these trees. via
How big do ginseng plants get?
Ginseng is an attractive perennial herb that attains a height of only 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm.) the first year. The leaf drops in autumn and a new leaf and stem appear in spring. This growth pattern continues until the plant reaches a mature height of 12 to 24 inches (31-61 cm.). via
Will ginseng grow under pine trees?
Yes, ginseng can grow under pine trees. via
What's the biggest ginseng root ever found?
A ginseng root weighing 0.92 kg (2 lb 0.5 oz) on 1 July 1999, was grown by Don and Joy Hoogesteger (both USA) of Ridgefield, Washington, USA. via
What states is it legal to grow ginseng?
There are 19 states that allow harvesting of wild ginseng for export: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. via
What is the current price of ginseng?
The average price paid for the 2019-20 season was $550 per pound for dry and $160 per pound for green. It takes almost 300 roots to make one pound of dry ginseng. via
Do you need a license to grow ginseng?
You need to have permission to harvest ginseng on land that is not owned by you. It's important to only harvest plants that are already bearing berries. This will allow you to plant the seeds to assure a replenishment of ginseng supply for future harvesting. via
Why is wild ginseng so valuable?
There are two reasons its so expensive. Some Chinese people believe ginseng roots are good medicine – even an aphrodisiac. They think roots that lived in a nature for a long time are much more potent than farmed ginseng, which costs a tiny fracture of this amount. It's an investment commodity. via
Can you make money growing ginseng?
Once your ginseng is mature and ready to harvest, you can make a lot of money. Seed is selling for about $150 a pound. After a few years of growing ginseng, you should have about 100 pounds of seed each year for every half-acre of ginseng you've planted. via
Is ginseng worth growing?
Growing ginseng is one of the best ways to turn your backyard or acreage into extra income growing these high-value plants, which can produce roots worth several hundred dollars per pound. via
How do you take care of a ginseng plant?
A ginseng ficus will tolerate some over or under watering, but aim to keep soil moderately moist throughout the summer and back off a little in the winter. To make the air more humid, set the tree on a tray filled with pebbles and water. Just make sure the roots aren't sitting in water. via
How much is ginseng root worth per pound?
2017 the price of Wild Ginseng was $500-$800 per pound. 2018 the price of Wild Ginseng was $550-$800 per pound. 2019 the price of Wild Ginseng was $550-$800 per pound. 2013 to present ginseng price information does not include premium ginseng root pricing. via
How much ginseng does it take to make a pound?
There are roughly 6,400 to 8,000 ginseng seeds per pound. For example, if 50% of this seed makes it to maturity after 10 years, approximately 3500 mature roots would be produced from one pound of seed. Using conservative estimates of about 275 dry Figure 1. Shade grown and wild grown ginseng root. via
What is the most expensive ginseng?
The most valuable grade is “wild” ginseng. Known by its gnarled, striated appearance, and often decades old, it's considered the most potent and is most coveted by buyers. Thirty-year-old wild root brings in several thousand dollars a pound. via
How long does it take ginseng seeds to sprout?
A ginseng seed must go through several cold cycles in order to germinate. This process typically takes a 18 to 24 months in nature. Seeds are ideally planted 2 cm (5/8 inch) in the soil. via
Will deer eat ginseng?
Ginseng, a woodland herb, is threatened by large deer herds in some areas. Photo by Dave Spier. You might have a hard time finding wild ginseng in the future woods, thanks to one of our most abundant herbivores: the white-tailed deer. via
How do you identify wild ginseng?
Identifying American Ginseng
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) can be most easily identified by its three-pronged (or more) five-leaflet display of the mature plant. W. Scott Persons, in "American Ginseng, Green Gold," says the best way to identify "sang" during the digging season is to look for the red berries. via
Are ginseng berries edible?
Many people use only the ginseng root for tea, with is purported to relieve stress, maintain stamina, increase focus and boost immunity. The concentrate is usually added to tea and often sweetened with honey. It's also safe to eat raw berries, which are said to be mildly tart but rather flavorless. via
Is ginseng a perennial?
Morphologically, ginseng is a perennial herb with fleshy root, a single annual stem bearing a whorl of palmately compound leaves, and a terminal simple umbel of small 5-merous flowers. Ginseng is propagated by seed. The commercial products of ginseng consist primarily of roots 2-20 years old. via
How old is a 4 prong ginseng plant?
A big “four prong” ginseng plant will almost always be five years old or much older, but it's hard to imagine a digger replanting roots that turn out to have less than five ridges on the neck. via
How often should you water ginseng?
Water every 2 – 3 weeks in the Spring and Summer months, and then space out your watering in the Fall and Winter months. This plant can survive drought light conditions, as it does store and soak up water through its roots – so it is better to under water than overwater. via
Does ginseng multiply?
Panax ginseng and Panax quiquefolius reproduce by seeds and asexual reproduction using rhizomes and roots. In wild Ginseng the stalk of the plant changes every year until the 5th spring. The shoot dies every year in the fall and creates a death scar similar to that of a Pine tree. via
What climate does ginseng grow in?
Ginseng grows best under conditions that simulate its natural habitat. It requires 70% to 90% natural or artificial shade. Ginseng thrives in a climate with 40 to 50 in. of annual precipitation and an average temperature of 50°F. via
Is it legal to grow ginseng in the US?
It is illegal to harvest American ginseng roots on most State lands and all National Park Service land. Some U.S. Forest Service National Forests issue harvest permits for wild ginseng while other National Forests prohibit the harvest of ginseng. via
How long does ginseng root last?
If handled properly, dried ginseng roots should have a long storage life. There is minimal scientific information on the exact storage/shelf-life of ginseng, but by following some basic principles used for other dried root crops, ginseng should still be marketable up to 3 to 5 years after harvest. via
What time of year do you dig ginseng?
Rules to remember: Ginseng harvests
» The harvest season for wild ginseng begins on Sept. 1 and ends Dec. 31 of each year. Wild ginseng cannot be harvested from Jan. via
How much is ginseng worth per acre?
The ginseng market varies from year to year, but when the price is high it's possible to net up to $50,000 per acre. There is one drawback: it takes from five to 10 years for the roots to reach a marketable size. via
Is ginseng illegal to sell?
The harvest of wild ginseng is illegal, but the high price opens up a black market to the plant. A commercial ginseng operation. Ginseng typically takes over 10 years to reach maturity in the wild, but under artificial environments can be grown in as little as four. via
How many pounds of ginseng do you get per acre?
Currently, good quality 8 to 10 year old wild simulated ginseng is being sold for upwards of $800 per dry pound, or $200 per fresh weight pound. A good wild simulated yield could be as much as 300 pounds fresh weight per acre. via