Farming 101: How to Plant Soybeans
What is the best time to plant soybeans?
Plant seeds from late spring to early summer. Soybeans must have warm soil to germinate and grow. Poke holes into a cultivated bed or row to plant soybean seeds about 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep. via
How long does it take to grow a soybean?
Soybeans are grown throughout the United States but the Midwest climate and soil present ideal conditions for growing soybeans. It commonly takes a soybean seed about two days to germinate. The plant doesn't emerge from the ground until about one week after planting. via
Can you plant soybeans without a planter?
It's actually very easy to grow a small amount of soybeans on a food plot even if you don't have much equipment to get your crop into the ground. In this article we cover the basics of planting a small crop of soybeans for personal use. via
Is it easy to grow soybeans?
Soybeans are an easy-to-grow warm season vegetable that can be planted in containers or the vegetable bed. Plants grow to about 2 feet tall and beans are ready for harvest in about 80 days. Soybeans are planted from seeds in warm soil, just like other garden beans. via
Should I plant corn or soybeans?
Soybeans are traditionally planted after corn nationwide, primarily due to risk. Corn costs more to plant and needs time to take advantage of higher-yielding, long-season hybrids. Soybeans are more forgiving than corn and have a better chance to produce a crop if planted well into June or July. via
Can you plant soybeans every year?
With soybean prices now, (continuous) soybeans is a no-brainer for some farmers. "If you stay on top of management, you can grow a heck of a soybean crop year after year," he added. via
Do soybeans need a lot of water?
Soybeans require approximately 15 inches to over 25 inches of water per year depending on planting date, maturity group, location, and weather conditions. Significant reductions in yield can occur if soybean does not receive enough water to meet ET demands during this critical water use period. via
Will soybeans germinate on top of soil?
Soybean seed germinates best when planted at a depth of ½ to 1 ½ inches…but don't worry too much if some is a little deeper and some seed is still on top the ground. Once you see most of the seed in the ground (some will always be on top using this method) you are finished planting. via
How do you make soybeans grow faster?
What fertilizer is best for soybeans?
Soil pH of 6 – 6.8 is ideal. Banding fertilizers and foliar feeding are common application methods but should be considered only when conventional methods are not satisfying. Soybeans grains have a nitrogen content of 40%, therefore an adequate fertilization of nitrogen is a key factor in achieving high quality yields. via
Will soybeans grow in shade?
While soybeans tolerate partial shade, plants that do not receive full sun produce lower yields. In partial shade, direct sun rays are blocked from reaching plants for most of the day; partial shade equals four to six hours of daily sunlight. via
What month are soybeans planted?
Spring is the time to plant soybeans. As an annual crop, soybeans grow from seed, produce and die in a single growing season. In areas that experience winter frosts, wait until two to three weeks after the last frost date to plant soybeans. via
How fast do soybeans germinate?
Soybean can easily germinate at soil temperatures at 50ºF at 2 inches. It is not unusual for emergence to take 3 weeks at these low temperatures. via
How much is an acre of soybeans worth?
Average costs per acre for soybean ranged from $168 to $204 and average cost per bushel ranged from $3.30 to $4.19. Average returns per acre ranged from $62 to $194. via
What type of soil do soybeans grow in?
The best soybean yields occur on well-drained, but not sandy, soils having a pH of 6.5 or above. The critical stage for soybean yield is in August and droughty soils that typically dry out in August will have disappointing yields. via
Do farmers plant corn or soybeans first?
Typically, most producers will finish planting all of their corn before planting their soybeans and may risk soybean yield losses because of late planting. Some producers in the Cornbelt plant their corn and drill their soybeans at the same time to avoid these losses. via
Are soybeans more profitable than corn?
Over the past several years, soybeans have been more profitable than corn, which may lead to considering planting soybeans on farmland previously in soybeans. Compared to soybeans-after-corn, the soybeans-after-soybeans budget has a yield 2 bushels per acre lower and pesticide costs $5 per acre higher. via
How cold is too cold to plant soybeans?
Temperatures below 32º F (0º C) can cause frost damage to emerged soybean plants, while temperatures below 28º F (-2º C) for an extended period of time (>4 hrs) can be lethal, especially on lighter-textured soils. via
Where is the best place to grow soybeans?
Soybeans are usually grown in cool, temperate regions like the midwestern United States and southern Canada, but tropical climates like Indonesia also produce soybeans. This crop can grow almost anywhere with a warm growing season, ample water, and sunlight. via
Are soybeans a profitable crop?
For soybeans, farmer returns averaged $150 per acre from 2006 to 2013, and $64 per acre from 2014 to 2018. Since 2013, soybeans have been more profitable than corn, albeit at much lower levels. From 2014 to 2018, farmer returns averaged -$30 per acre for corn and $64 per acre for soybeans. via
Are soybeans good for soil?
Soybeans leave nitrogen-rich residue in the soil, which leads to vigorous growth of decomposer bacteria and fungi microbes. It may be possible to sustain or increase organic matter by introducing other grains and legumes as well as cover crops, such as rye or oats, into corn and soybean crop rotations, Hall says. via
Do soybeans need rain?
Soybeans, like corn, need an inch of rain per week during critical growing phases. It's not too late to turn this crop around. There is still time for the beans to flower and set pods, but we need the rains rather quickly for that to occur. Dry conditions are hurting soybeans in another way. via
When should you stop watering soybeans?
Soybean should be irrigated until sufficient moisture is available to allow full bean development and pod fill. This stage is when leaves are yellowing (75-80 percent) and all pods filled with lower pods just starting to turn brown. via
When should I start watering soybeans?
Typically, farmers plant soybeans in early May and begin irrigating in June. In years with average or above-average early-season rainfall, that can result in too much water being applied to plants. via
Should soybeans be soaked before planting?
Yes, you can over soak seeds. Too much soaking in water and a seed will drown. It is recommended that you only soak most seeds for 12 to 24 hours and no more than 48 hours. via
Do you soak soybeans before planting?
Do not soak seed before planting and do not overwater immediately after planting; too moist seeds may crack and germinate poorly. via
Will soybeans grow if broadcasted?
Broadcast-seeding soybeans can help increase yields and revenue, though challenges exist. An unconventional way to increase soybean yields and revenue may be already sitting in farmers' machine sheds. But, many farmers own one planter, and they traditionally plant corn first. via
Do soybeans need fertilizer?
Traditionally, soybean has been grown successfully without addition of N fertilizer. N management has been limited to rhizobia inoculation of fields new to soybean. An N "budget" developed from numerous research studies shows that soil and fixed N are generally sufficient to supply N needs at yields up to 60 bu/acre. via
Does fertilizing soybeans pay?
Traditionally, soybeans do not received much, if any, fertilizer. Good prices for corn and soybeans have many Ontario growers moving to shorter rotations between soybean crops and high fertilizer prices have resulted in lower application rates in corn and wheat. via
What is a good soybean yield?
Lower Soybean Yield Implications
The 2019 soybean yield was 47.4 bushels per acre and the five-year average yield for soybeans sits at 49.5 bushels per acre. via
Why won't My soybeans grow?
Growing Soybean Problems
Don't sow soybean seeds when the field or garden is overly wet, as cyst nematode and sudden death syndrome may affect the growth potential. Low soil temperatures will prevent germination of the soybean plant or cause root rotting pathogens to flourish. via
How deep should soybeans be planted?
While the ISU Extension and Outreach publication Soybean Growth and Development (PM 1945) notes that soybean should be planted at 1 to 1.5 inches deep and no deeper than 2 inches for maximum yield potential, soybean planting depth should be field specific and based on soil conditions at the time of planting. via
How do you harvest soybeans without a combine?
HOW TO HARVEST SOYBEANS WITHOUT A COMBINE. Grasp every pod on the stem and pull gently to remove it from the plant. Avoid squeezing the pods to avoid damage to the beans. Pick up the base of the plant stem, gently pull it out of the soil, and immediately harvest the entire plant. via
What temperature do soybeans need?
Older agronomy textbooks state that soybeans should not be seeded unless soil temperatures are above 10°C. There is no question that under ideal conditions soybeans will emerge in less than a week, but this requires soil temperatures of over 23°Celsius. via
How do you know when soybeans are ready to harvest?
As the days get shorter and the temperatures get cooler, the leaves on soybean plants begin to turn yellow. By mid-October and November, the leaves will turn brown and fall off, exposing the matured pods of soybeans. The soybeans are now ready to be harvested. via