Part 1 of 3: Planting Hay
How do you prepare ground for planting hay?
For hay, mow the field with a rotary mower to remove problem plants by cutting them before they set viable seed. Till to control tenacious, perennial weeds, such as bedstraw, and then seed. The best time to seed is in May or in the first three weeks of August, when seed will survive and compete with weeds better. via
How is hay planted?
Hay Today. Today, the process for growing hay still involves letting the plants grow to maturity, then cutting it, letting it dry in the sun, raking it, and gathering it up in some form, whether that be round or square bales, or as loose hay. via
When should hay seed be planted?
Plant as soon as possible in order to prepare a good seedbed. Timely planting in April allows forage seedlings the best opportunity to get ahead of weeds and to be established before summer stress sets in. 4. Plant into a good seedbed, and don't overwork the soil. via
How long does hay take to grow?
Grass will grow slightly faster in cooler weather than the legumes, such as alfalfa. Alfalfa grows best when the temperatures are hot. It typically takes approximately 60 days for new growth of alfalfa, 60 for mix hay, 60 for orchard grass, and 75-80 for timothy in Lincoln County. via
How do you overseed in hay field?
Overseeding involves using a seed drill or cultipack seeder to sow seed during the growing season in an attempt to improve the composition of a pasture or hayfield. Simply broadcasting seed over the field usually gives poor results. Use a seeder to deposit the seed below the soil surface. via
What is the best hay to plant?
Legume hay is a popular choice for most livestock. It can be made from a wide variety of legumes including clover, vetch, sainfoin, birdsfoot trefoil and of course the “queen of the forages” – alfalfa. Legume hay is known for its high protein and calcium levels, as well being rich in vitamins and minerals. via
Is hay easy to grow?
No matter what your reason for growing, harvesting and baling hay, it can be a great project that can reap great rewards. Hay – grasses and legumes that can be dried for stock feed – is simple to grow either as part of a crop rotation or a permanent meadow, and grows naturally in many areas. via
Why do farmers leave bales of hay in fields?
Often, it's just farmers being lazy, after harvesting a field, they like to take some rest and finish off in a few days. Because of the good keeping quality, farmers tend to leave them where the baler spat them out. It is also cost-effective to leave bales in the field to avoid handling and storage costs. via
Is growing hay profitable?
Brown says using 2019 numbers, it costs about $400 an acre to plant corn on ground that may yield 150 bushels per acre. “If you are getting $125 per ton for quality hay, you are going to see a profit of $51 per ton, or $204 per acre. “The potential is there to make some pretty good money on hay.” via
How long does it take for hay seed to germinate?
Generally speaking, it takes between 7 and 30 days for grass seed germination to begin. via
Can I plant hay?
Planting Hay. Use grass or alfalfa to grow hay. Typically, hay is made from either grass or alfalfa. Depending on your needs, plant grass, alfalfa, or a mixture of the 2 for use as hay after growing. via
Can you broadcast hay seed?
Broadcast – Seed may be broadcast by using whirlwind or end gate seeders. Cover seed with ¼ inch of soil or less. Roll, cultipack or use some other suitable method to firm seedbed before and after seeding. via
How many times can you harvest hay in a year?
How Many Times Can You Harvest Hay in a Year? Depending on your soil and grass growth rate, you can harvest hay two or three times a year. In some places, you can even stretch for a fourth crop, but the harvest won't be as fruitful. via
How do you cut and bale hay by hand?
The proper method cutting hay by hand: stand with your legs apart and knees slightly bent. Three ropes tied around the width and a fourth wrapped lengthwise hold together each 70- to 90-pound bate of sun-dried hay. Swing your scythe and torso from right to left, concentrating on a smooth, whole-body pivot. via
What month is hay harvested?
From the month of May to late summer and early fall, hay baling is on the minds of many farmers. via
What is the best fertilizer for hay field?
Therefore, we suggest a late spring application of nitrogen. Switchgrass is an example of a warm-season grass. For situations with expected yields above 4 ton per acre, you can split apply of nitrogen fertilizer. If split application is an option, apply 3/4 of the nitrogen in early spring and 1/4 in late August. via
What grass makes the best hay?
Kentucky bluegrass, orchardgrass and timothy are all examples of common grasses used for hay. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it's also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. via
Should I overseed my pasture?
Rotational grazing can help in managing the newly seeded stand. Grazing removes top growth, which opens the soil surface to receive more sunlight and helps new plants better establish during rest periods. If necessary, overseeding can be done every year. Reseeding is crucial if stand productivity drops in the fall. via