How To Design A Deck For The Backyard

  • Figure out how high your deck needs to be. Measure the distance between the ground and the bottom of the door that will lead out onto the deck.
  • Survey the terrain where the deck will go. Check to see if the ground is flat or slanted. If it’s slanted, you’ll have to factor that into your design.
  • Decide what shape your deck will be. Go with a basic rectangular deck if you’re on a budget.
  • Plan how big your deck will be. Keep in mind that the larger you design your deck to be, the more it will cost to build.
  • Choose a color for your deck. You can also leave it unpainted if you want it to have a more natural look.
  • Choose a railing design if you’re building an elevated deck.
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    How do you design a deck layout? (video)

    How do you plan a deck?

  • Step 1: Calculate the surface area of your decking. Multiple the length (L) of your decking area by the width (W).
  • Step 2: Calculate the coverage of your deck boards. Add the deck board width (W) to the Expansion Gap Length (EGL).
  • Step 3: Calculate the number of boards required.
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    How do you make a backyard deck?

  • six 12-foot long 2x8 pressure-treated boards.
  • Dig a total of eight holes for your concrete footers.
  • Drop in a 22-inch long piece of 10-inch diameter Sonotube and level the tube.
  • Pour three bags of quick-set concrete in each hole and add water to mix the concrete in the hole.
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    Is it cheaper to build your own deck?

    Decks are less expensive than other home additions, and they come with a big bonus: Decks are so popular, they may even make your home more marketable. via

    Can I build my own deck?

    It may seem overwhelming at first, but if you have the time and a solid understanding of basic construction principles, you can build a pretty incredible deck all on your own. Just keep in mind that while a DIY deck project might be a great option for some, it's not the solution for everyone. via

    Can you lay decking on grass?

    There are two ways you can lay decking on grass. Use a flat surface (a decking board or tamper is perfect for this) and place a spirit level on top to check the ground is even. If the spirit level indicates the ground is uneven, level it out with extra soil or compact the soil to flatten it out. via

    How deep should deck posts be?

    Regardless of reaching solid ground before a minimum depth of 600mm, the deck footing should be at 600mm deep (always dig bigger, never smaller). If your engineer has specified a minimum depth, you need to dig to that depth. via

    How big should a deck be?

    Most builders suggest that your deck should be no larger than 20 percent of the house's* square footage. This is so that the deck does not overwhelm a home visually. This, of course, is up to you. If you feel you need a larger deck that takes up more of your yard space, feel free! via

    What is the cheapest way to build a deck?

    Choose wood, but carefully: Untreated wood decks are generally the cheapest to install, but don't forget long-term costs. Wood decks require yearly maintenance and deteriorate quickly if they don't get it. via

    Does a deck add value to a home?

    The addition of a wood deck costs an average of $13,333 and the average resale value of it is $10,083. This means homeowners could recoup about 75.6% of the cost once it's time to sell the home. Adding a deck to your home may seem like a big expense, but it could be worth it in the future. via

    What can I build instead of a deck?

    Here are 12 ideas you can use to affordably realize your backyard dream.

  • Pallet Decks. Pallets are a quick and easy way to create an artistic deck or patio.
  • Floating Deck.
  • Revamp Your Deck.
  • Patio and Deck Idea – Add a Daybed.
  • Create a Low-Maintenance Gravel Patch.
  • Create a Chessboard.
  • Salvaged Materials.
  • Free Form.
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    Do you need a permit to build a deck?

    As a simple rule, you need a permit for any deck that is higher than 30 inches off the ground. This rule applies to most decks. Anything lower than 30” is often considered a patio or “porch deck,” and no permit is required. via

    How many posts do I need for a 12x16 deck?

    A standard deck will need four footings parallel to the house, but they will need to be temporarily braced by 6 inch-by-6 inch posts. Using doubled boards, you will then need to build beams on the top row of the posts to frame the edges of the deck. These must be topped with adjustable post caps. via

    How much does it cost to build a 12x12 floating deck?

    A 12 x12 deck can range in cost from $2 200 to $13 000, but the average will be $6 000. Costing $40 a square foot but can be as little as $15 or as high as $85, depending on the deck's features. A pressure treated deck is the most economical, with composite being the more expansive option. via

    How much do I charge to build a deck?

    Professional decking companies typically charge between $15 and $35 per square foot to build an average-size deck. That cost varies based on location, size of deck, and materials used. If a building permit is required to add a traditional deck as a permanent structure, the average cost is $500. via

    How long does a deck last?

    Which material lasts longer? A deck made of untreated wood can last anywhere from 10 to 30 years. Decks made of treated wood and composite materials can last as long as 50 years. Many composite decks come with a 20-year warranty – and often a lifetime guarantee. via

    How many footers do I need for a 12x12 deck?

    For an attached 12 x 12' deck, you'll need at least 3 footings, plus at least 2 more if you're planning on building stairs with it. If your deck will be a different size, it's easy to figure out how many you'll need. via

    Is it worth it to build a deck?

    Deck Improvements Can Recoup 100% of Their Cost

    While many home renovation projects only recoup anywhere from 50% to 80% of their cost, multiple studies have estimated that the ROI for patios and decks can exceed 100% based on the size and materials used. via

    Can I use 2x6 for deck joists?

    2x6 joists should only be used on ground-level decks that do not require, and will not provide for, any guards. Most decking is not strong enough to support longer spans than 16". Some builders reduce joist spacing to 12" on center to strengthen the deck frame or to increase maximum allowable joist spans. via

    Can a deck touch the ground?

    Yes, you can build a deck directly on the ground, but with some conditions. A deck on the ground must be built with ground-contact wood, and the substructure needs to be adapted for minimal height. Even though technically a ground level deck is elevated up to 24”, here we will discuss decks built less than 8” high. via

    What is the best base for decking?

    Many professional and self-made builders agree that gravel is the perfect material to place under your deck. How can you put gravel as your deck's base? First, you will need to prepare the installation area and dig a few inches out. Then, you'll need to cover the area with landscaping fabric. via

    How do you build a floating deck over grass?

  • Prepare the Deck Area. Clear the ground where the deck will be installed, removing grass and all other organic material, as needed.
  • Set the Concrete Blocks.
  • Build the Outer Frame.
  • Position and Square the Deck Frame.
  • Check the Blocks.
  • Install the Remaining Joists.
  • Install the Deck Boards.
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    Why deck posts should not be set in concrete?

    A deck post should always be placed on top of footing, not inside concrete because it can break. Concrete tends to absorb moisture and wood expands when it gets wet, so these two factors combined will result in the wood breaking the concrete. via

    Should I use 4x4 or 6x6 deck posts?

    While there may be a handful of circumstances that only require the minimum 4×4 deck post, you will more than likely want to choose a 6×6 post for the deck. It provides more stability for larger decks, the ability to hold a heavier load, and more room for notching. via

    Should deck posts be in the ground?

    Pressure-treated posts should always be ground contact use for deck lumber. Having the most up-to-date instructions and proper treated lumber are important to ensure correct installation. via

    How small is too small for a deck?

    A good size deck starts at 12 feet by 12 feet but can be as small as 8 feet by 8 feet for limited specialty use, such as a sitting area or a barbeque area just outside of the kitchen. Also deck should be no larger than the largest room in the house and not exceed 20% of the house square footage. via

    Can a deck be too big?

    A deck that is too large can dwarf your house, while a deck that is too small will get lost. There's a general rule of thumb that a deck should be no bigger than the largest room in your house. via

    How high should a deck be off the ground?

    There is no standard height for a “grade-level” deck—the maximum measurement from grade to the deck surface could be 6 inches, 12 inches, 24 inches, or more. But generally speaking, I apply the term to decks that are up to 30 inches above grade, since guardrails are required for any decks that are higher than that. via

    Is it cheaper to build a wood deck or pour concrete?

    Overall, a concrete patio will generally be cheaper to install compared to a deck. While your specific house and yard set-up may determine which is cheaper for your individual needs, a wood deck is likely to have a better return on investment compared to a concrete patio. via

    How can I save money building a deck?

  • Choose the Right Type of Deck.
  • Make an Efficient Deck Design.
  • Low-Cost Materials vs Maintenance-Free Materials.
  • Shop for the Deck Sales.
  • Off-Season Building to Save Bucks.
  • Buy Fasteners and Hardware in Bulk.
  • DIY Build for Definite Savings.
  • Seal Your Deck.
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    Will adding a deck increase my taxes?

    How much will a deck affect taxes and resale value? According to IRS guidelines, building a deck is a capital improvement and may increase local property taxes. via

    What adds the most value to a home?

    What Home Improvements Add the Most Value?

  • Kitchen Improvements. If adding value to your home is the goal, the kitchen is likely the place to start.
  • Bathrooms Improvements. Updated bathrooms are key for adding value to your home.
  • Lighting Improvements.
  • Energy Efficiency Improvements.
  • Curb Appeal Improvements.
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    Why add a deck to your home?

    Here are some great reasons why you should consider adding a deck to your home.

  • A Deck Enhances the Value of Your Home.
  • A Deck Makes It Party Time!
  • A Deck Adds Outdoor Enjoyment.
  • A Deck Offers a New Look.
  • A Deck Adds More Functional Possibilities.
  • A Deck Increases Your Living Space.
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    How many hours does it take to install a deck?

    A 12 x 24-foot one typically requires two people to complete and will take anywhere from one to three weeks depending on experience and skill level. A professional team can usually have the project done in a week or less. via

    How much does it cost to replace a 12x12 deck?

    If you have a multi-level, built-in seating, or railing, removal prices will increase. An average 12x12 deck that consists of 144 square feet costs between $720 and $1,440 to remove. via

    How much do decks cost per sq ft?

    The Basics. The average price range of building a new deck in the United States can be anywhere between $4,000 and $11,000. Including materials and labor, a standard deck will cost roughly $30-$60 per square foot. That means, for a standard 14 x 20 foot deck, you can expect to pay around $6,000. via

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